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Abe de Faria was born as Jose Custodio Faria on May 31, 1756. Abe de Faria died on September 20, 1819

If you visit Panjim in Goa, you must have seen the historic Adilshah Palace or the Old Secretariat on the banks of the Mandovi River. The carnival festival parade used to commence from Panjim interstate bus stand or the Prasa. The area around the then secretariat used to be where thousands would gather to watch the Carnival parade and enthusiastically welcome the short-lived kingdom of King Momo. This Carnival parade, a legacy of the 450-year-old Portuguese rule in Goa, is incidentally held only in Goa in Asia.

 At this major junction in Goa’s capital, two statues have been installed on two sides of the medieval Adilshah Palace. One statue is of Goa, Daman and Diu Union Territory’s first Chief Minister, Dayanand Bandodkar. The posture of the statue on the other side is bound to evoke curiosity among people. When observed closely, it is the statue of a cloak-wearing man trying to hypnotise a woman who is about to fall into a trance.

If you are in Panjim, you cannot miss this statue of a man with raised arms attempting to cast a spell on a woman. The 10-ft bronze statue raises curiosity in the minds of passers-by, mostly because of its unique posture. This statue is Abe de Faria, a Goan who won acclaim in Europe in the late 18th century. He is known as the father of modern scientific hypnotism.

If you visit Panjim, visit the Abe de Faria statue, located at a prime location, to salute this great man’s contribution to the world! The Abe de Faria statue is intriguing. The reason for this is the personality of Abe de Faria.

This small region became a part of the Union of India as Goa, Daman and Diu were freed from the Portuguese regime, following a military action ordered by the Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, in December 1961. Statues of prominent historical Portuguese personalities, including Vasco da Gama, Portuguese Governor General Alfonso de Albuquerque and others installed at prime locations, were removed and sent to museums after Goa’s liberation.

However, the statue of Abe de Faria installed just 16 years before Goa Liberation still stands tall at this place. Abe de Faria won acclaim as a Catholic priest and later as a hypnotist in Rome, Portugal and France, but he hailed from Goa.

It is interesting to know how a boy born at Candolim in Bardez taluka of Goa became a famous Catholic priest in Europe and was called Abe de Faria or Abade Faria, or Fr. Faria. ‘Abe’ incidentally is the French word for the abbot, the lowest ranking Catholic clergy or priest.

Abe de Faria was born as Jose Custodio Faria on May 31, 1756.

His father, Caetano Vitorino de Faria, was studying to become a priest but left the seminary before being ordained. He got married to Rosa Maria de Souza. But their marriage lasted only six years as both separated and secured the church’s dispensation to pursue religious vocations.

Thus, Caetano became a priest, and Rosa became a nun. Caetano, along with his son, left for Portugal in 1771. Jose Custodio later joined the seminary and was ordained a priest in 1780.

An interesting incident that shaped Abe de Faria’s life was the Queen of Portugal invited the young priest to preach in her chapel. After climbing the pulpit, Abe de Faria was too scared to speak.  His father, nearby, whispered to him in their mother tongue Konkani: ‘Puta, hi sogli bhaji; cator re bhaji (Son, they are all vegetables, cut these vegetables).’

Immediately, the son lost his fears, and he preached well.

Young Abe de Faria later wondered how a single sentence could transform his fears into confidence. This sowed in his mind the seeds of his deep research on the subject of hypnosis.

In France, he won fame as he demonstrated the modern art of hypnosis. As a Catholic priest, he faced tremendous opposition from the church authorities about his views and practice of hypnotism which was considered the power of the devil or Satan, the black magic. He, however, maintained that hypnosis was not contradictory to the doctrines of the Catholic Church.

Abe de Faria argued that no person could be hypnotised without his or her consent. And so, the free will of an individual in which the Catholic Church believed – was in no way compromised when a person was hypnotised.

Abe de Faria died on September 20, 1819, after his book explaining the principles of hypnosis was published. It was, however, only a century later that he got recognition as the father of hypnotism.

Veteran Goan sculptor Ramchandra Pandurang Kamat sculpted the Abe de Faria statue, and it was unveiled on September 20, 1945. Kamat has also sculpted the bronze statue of Shivaji Maharaj on the Pratapgad fort in Maharashtra.

An arterial road in Margao town in South Goa has been named after Abe de Faria, and it is called Rua Abe de Faria, Rua meaning road in Portuguese.

The Portuguese Government released a special postcard based on the image of this statue in Panjim to commemorate the 250th birth anniversary of Abe de Faria in 2006.

Abe de Faria’s grave is said to be somewhere in Montmartre, a neighbourhood of Paris.

The tomb of this great Goan may never be found, but his contribution and legacy in the field of hypnosis will always be remembered.

31st May is the birth anniversary of this great Goan.

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